THE CAUSE OF DENTAL CARIES
Some factors that are considered as the risk factors is ever dental caries, the lack of use of fluorine, oral hygiene, bacteria, saliva as well as diet and type of food.
1. Dental caries experience of epidemiological studies have provided evidence of the relationship between the development of caries caries ever in the future. The prevalence of caries on teeth desidui teeth caries can predict permanent
2. lack of use of Fluorine there are a wide variety of concepts concerning the working mechanism of fluorine with regard to its influence on teeth, one of which is the grant of fluorine regularly can reduce the occurrence of caries because it can improve remineralisasi. However, the amount of fluorine content in drinking water and food should be, taken into account at the time estimated the additional needs of fluorine intake because of excessive fluorine can cause fluorosis
3. Oral Hygiene to poor oral hygiene will result in a higher percentage of caries. Index to measure the status of oral hygiene, use of Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHI-S) from green and vermillon. This index is a combination which determine the score debris and Calculus deposits is good for all or only for selected dental surfaces only. Debris of the oral cavity and calculus can be given a score separately. One of the components in the occurrence of caries is the plaque bacteria on the teeth. Improvement of oral hygiene can do with flossing techniques to clean plaque which is combined with a regular dental Checkup, is an important thing in improving dental health. In addition the use of toothpaste containing fluorine can prevent the occurrence of caries.
Regular dental checkups can help detect and monitor potential dental problems
4. The number of bacteria as soon as born, oral ecosystem formed consisting of various types of bacteria. Babies who have had s. mutans in great numbers at the age of 2 and 3 years old will have higher caries risk for experiencing caries on teeth
5. the Saliva.
In addition to having the effect of buffers, saliva is also useful for cleaning up the remains of food in the mouth. The average flow of saliva increased in children until the age of 10 years.
However, after only a slight increase. In individuals with reduced salivanya function, then the activity of caries will increase significantly (Sondang, 2008).
Besides saliva plays a role in maintaining the sustainability of the teeth.
Many experts assert, that saliva is the first defense against caries, Xerostomia sufferers on this is proven (less saliva production) which will develop a thorough dental damage in a short time (Behrman, 2002).
Saliva secreted by glands saliva large 3 pairs i.e. glandula parotid, glandula submandibularis, and glandula sublingualis, as well as some small saliva glands. The gland secretions of children still are not yet constant.