Components Of Dental Plaque Microorganisms
Definition Of Dental Plaque.
Dental plaque is a deposit of soft closely attached to the surface of the teeth, consisting of microorganisms that proliferate in a matrix of interseluler and will continue to accumulate if not cleaned up in adekuat.
The accumulation of these microorganisms did not happen by accident but is formed through a series of stages
Plaque usually begins to form at a third of the surface of the gingiva and on the surface of the teeth that are experiencing jejas and rude. The plaque is also one of the causes of caries and periodontal disease.
Different case with the initial layer that builds up and attached to the surface of teeth, namely pelikel, alba and debris material food, dental plaque cannot be cleaned only by way of a gargle and can only be cleaned perfectly mechanical.
In sum, the plaque cannot be seen unless it has been tinged with disclosing solution that can help see the dental plaque. If plaque builds up, it will look gray, yellowish gray component of Plaque dental plaque Microorganisms that form perfect, other bacteria may also filled other microorganisms. Mycoplasma have successfully found and a small number of protozoa also exist. Microorganisms bacteria almost always found is the Streptococcus
and Lactobacillus. In addition, golongn also found fungus actinomycetes.
Microorganisms found in the plaques vary for each person, as well as according to the age of the plaque itself.
Young plaque (1-2 days) composed mostly of the gram-negative rod and coccus bebentuk. These organisms usually grow on pelikel amorphous mikropolisakarida with less than 1 micron thick. Pelikel is attached to the email, cementum or dentin
After 2-4 day, change the number and type of microorganisms in the plaque. In addition to gram-negative and gram negative rods coccus abounded, type bacili fusiform and filament became clear