This is the early stage of gum disease are common throughout the world. The body of the World Health Organization estimate that 1 in 4 adults have some form of a bacterial infection in the body, and 15%-20% of them experiencing more severe disease
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a type of gum disease that causes irritation, redness, and swelling of the gums.
Because gingivitis can be mild conditions, you may not realize you have this condition. However, it is important to immediately address the gingivitis because if left unchecked, the disease can lead to gum disease (periodontitis) are much more serious, resulting in loss of teeth
The main cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. A good oral hygiene habits, like brushing your teeth at least twice a day, clean up with dental floss daily and do routine dental examination, can help prevent gingivitis.
The growth of teeth in children characterized by the appearance of the teeth on the surface of the gums and teeth changes followed from inside the bone supporting the teeth. place its current status in the oral cavity. What factors affect the growth of children’s teeth
The time of the appearance of the teeth is clinically is a sign of the growth of a child and more related to the digestive system. The process of calcification of dental maturation has started or when the fetus is 7 months old. Nutritional disorders and diseases that can interfere with the prolonged process of calcification on permanent teeth or primary teeth children later
The appearance of children’s teeth started from bottom teeth then followed with the upper teeth. Some research suggests that the appearance of teeth faster in girls than boys. On the skinny child also saw the appearance of the teeth that is faster than a fat kid. It is influenced by heredity and also the thickness of the bone tissue that may affect the process of rendering primary teeth
Teeth is an important organ in the digestive system. Teeth is useful for destroying the food we eat before further digested in the body. The role of food in destroying the teeth are very systematic. More than that of tooth movement mechanism makes us able to enjoy the flavors of foods with more delicious because part of the tongue that recognise the taste as sweet, bitter, salty, etc contained on different surfaces
Types of teeth and its function is basically when we chew our food jaw teeth so all play a role in chewing food. The movement of the jaw to chew the food very efficiently. This is because our teeth each have a location, shape, and the diverse roles. Our teeth can be grouped into 4 kinds
1. incisors (caninus)
2. canines (ppt)
3. small molars (premolars) or molar front large molars.
4. (the molar) or molar back teeth of each group has a different form and function
Canines (ppt) found on the right side and left side of the incisors. Canines have one root. Canines role in rend and tear food. Straight-shaped canines and rather pointy. Adults have four canines, 1 on the right side of the maxillary incisors, 1 in the left maxillary incisors, 1 in the right lower jaw incisors, and 1 in the left mandible incisors
Dental caries is an infectious disease that is damaging to the structure of the tooth. This disease causes cavities. If left untreated, the disease can lead to pain, tooth dislodged, infection, many cases are dangerous, and even death.
Dental caries is a process of chronic regressive, starting with the mineral email, as a result of disruption of the balance between email and its surroundings, caused by microbial acid formation from the substrate (medium food for bacteria) followed by the onset of destruction of organic components that eventually happened cavitation
a. The sense of Caries
The sense of Caries is a disease on dental hard tissues, namely email, dentin and cementum caused maloklusi activity that exists in a carbohydrate that are leavened. The process of caries is characterized by the occurrence of demineralisasi in the dental hard tissues, followed by damage to organic materials. This will cause the occurrence of bacterial invasion and damage to the pulpa tissue as well as the spread of infection to the network periapikal and inflicting pain
Addition of the length of the roots of the teeth.
– The eruption began at a time when the roots begin to form.
– Root led to the addition of Lengthening the distance between the Crown and the root ends of the growing root
– Grown compactly by the bone underneath it then the Crown of the tooth will be pushed in the direction of the oral cavity due to the formation of new bone the results of the apposition placed between the tip of the root is being developed by the bony buffer below
the growth of apical foramen pulpa teeth during the still wide open. Teeth move from socket hand with very short pulses of arterial volume change locally so that it can produce a slight movement of the teeth. This mechanism is usually influenced by hormonal activity that regulates both blood pressure or fluid network.
Deposition of cementum on the root surface
The contraction of cells composed of periodontal ligament on oblik can also be pushing gear from socket.
5. Reabsorb bones by cells of the alveoli osteoklast, so the road becomes more free.
6. The formation of new bone in aposisi by osteoblast cells on the walls of the alveoli
– According to a Mjor Fejerskov (1991) and the movement of the burgeoning Crown just might occur if accompanied by bone remodeling that form the surrounding kriptus.
– Remodeling was performed by osteoklast and osteoblast. Osteoklast there are many on the surface of the walls of the kriptus intended by the movement of the tooth that is growing, while there is a lot of osteoblast on the surface of kriptus who shunned the Crown develop
– Bone Reabsorb by osteoklast will pave the way for developing the Crown moves from within the jaw bone towards oklusal.
– Before reaching the plain of oklusal, the teeth will move from its place is evolving in the direction of insisal in sequence through the bone that covered it, the lamina propia and epithelium
– The movement of the tooth toward the oklusal accompanied by a number of interrelated events.
• First, at the beginning of the eruption happened also the developmental process of an unfinished root accompanied by the development of period
• second, reabsorb, the bone is regulated by follicle dentis to pave the way the teeth eruption will be.
– This process begins with the insertion of the mononuklear cells that accumulate on the follicle dentis covering one third of the Crown of the tooth
– This monocyte cells migrate to the surface of the bone then joined each other and berdeferensiasi be osteoklast who later required to process bone resorbsi (Mjor and Fejerskov, 1991; Wise et al., 2000; Koch and Poulsen, 2001).
• Third, at the time of the developing root then there should be a bone modeling on fundus kriptus to form the roots and place the socket give bond for the periodontal ligaments that surround the root
root Growth at a time when the eruption took part gives the strength to push the teeth toward the axial.
• Fourth, fibrous connective tissue reabsorb, the lamina propria of the gingiva on teeth eruption path. This was followed by fibrogenesis and remodeling of the connective tissue that causes the development of gingival fiber system dento at the root of the coronal eruption of teeth
• Fifth, she made her way to penetrate the epithelium of the dental Crown that will close the eruption which was followed by the development of epithelial and sulcus (Mjor and Fejerskov, 1991)
The habit of cleaning the teeth and mouth indeed needs to be conditioned since infancy, even since the tooth has not yet appeared. If it’s too late, it could be a lazy lazy children while brushing my teeth. As a result of damaged teeth, even the color of her teeth turned black
Teeth already blackened meaning already happened caries that triggers the cavities and will interfere with the function of mastication chewing system in children. When the system automatically interrupted food chewing interfere with absorption of food nutrients, causing the physical development and intelligence (IQ) not optimal
In addition, the damaged tooth will make the adult teeth be messy because the seeds of the permanent teeth will lose a guiding direction to grow. It could lead to the permanent dentition becomes jostling
For that reason, children should already be trained early on. teeth brushing Especially the children who have been consuming solid food. Since infancy, parents could train brushing my teeth with the use of warm gauze while after coming one to two years of age, the child was taught brushing your teeth without using toothpaste
Time front teeth children there are stains patches of colored milk chocolate trifle that can’t be lost, then the cause and also asked, how do I remove stains the teeth?
Well, the Stains on the teeth “discoloration or stain” is a pigmented deposits on the teeth. Kids are generally due to the cleanliness of his mouth and also bacteria. Meanwhile, the adults eating habits due to drink tea, coffee and tobacco also
Children’s dental stain color
• yellow or orange.
This type of staining due to poor oral hygiene-i.e. not teeth cleaning after eating or drinking milk. Well, this stain is on 1/3 servical the Crown gear on the front and also behind the Crown of the tooth. But, it can be cleaned how brushing your teeth properly. If your oral hygiene remain unattended resulting in stains will arise again and can also lead to plaque. It could even cause caries left
• Brown or black.
Usually the most is on the lingual tooth front and back or a neck teeth. And a stain appeared because the pigment deposition of bacteria that exist in the pelikel coating of teeth. Brown or black culture could be eliminated by means of polishing can be done is just a dentist.
Always keep your dental health and hygiene as well
Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day that is after meal and before bed.
Use a soft brush hairy toothbrush and also the size of the corresponding age.
3.-use of the toothpaste when brushing my teeth a child should be used if the child has been able to gargle or spitting. The thing to avoid toothpaste last ingested by children
The use toothpaste it actually is just create a helpful convenience as well when brushing your teeth. For that matter, with or without toothpaste, for brushing teeth last done well and properly, then the result is the same.
Clean the tongue and gums are also also must be done so the child finished the sucking and the evening before going to bed. Basically part of the tongue is indeed save the microbes so must be always cleaned teeth cleaning time
Eating nutritious foods are also high in protein and calcium for example; vegetables, fish, milk, meat, and fruits. Avoid or child cariogenic including eating food such as; food contains sugar, chocolate and candy so that it cannot happen to dental caries.
Avoid drinking milk bottle use while sleeping
It is very important to get used to the controls to the dentist since early childhood. The goal so that the teeth are maintained and also children so do not fear undergoing a routine Checkup or create treatment if there is a problem in his teeth. It is recommended that parents invite her son his first teeth to dentist teeth since the eruption accompanied the routine control of 6 months once
Pull Out the primary teeth is an important event for the kids. Although the teeth often removed themselves, sometimes children need a little help. If it is unsteady and the children’s teeth are ready to be unplugged, there are some steps that can be done to ensure that the revocation is not painful and without the risk of infection
– Shake the teeth.
Unplug the teeth prematurely could cause unnecessary pain, bleeding, and infection. Before trying the pulled it out, test teeth by wiggle. If it can be shake easily, it is indicated if the teeth was ready to be unplugged. first, encourage the child to wiggle his teeth with the tongue. Make sure that the children can move her teeth into the front and back, also to its sides.
You or your child can also wiggle the tooth using a hand, however make sure hands are clean before doing so.
If the teeth are not easily moved, meaning it is too early to be revoked.
Ask the child whether he felt sick. A pretty wobbly teeth just connected with a small chain on the gums and should not cause pain if it is driven. If you or your child wiggle the tooth, ask over and over again on the child if he is in pain. There may be a slight inconvenience, but if you move the teeth causing the pain, it means the tooth is still too early to be revoked.
– Check the presence of bleeding.
Such as pain, teeth that faltered not bleed when driven. Although there is blood when you unplug the teeth should be no blood comes out when you test it. Even if you or your child wiggle the tooth, check and see if there is blood coming out. If anything, it means it’s too early to be revoked.
Problems of the teeth is often felt by all people, especially children, knowing only the usual little ones yet understand about maintaining dental health and dental hygiene need to help parents to keep children’s dental health so that children’s teeth were not damaged and pose a health problem. However, to avoid the occurrence of dental problems in older children should parents must know first the kind of damage that occurs in children’s teeth.
There are some dental problems That often experienced following child
Any hole formed in the bigger and if left. The main cause of cavities is itself dental factors, carbohydrates or foods that are sticky, and plaque or bacteria.
Occurs because the habits of children often consume sweets and chocolate and not brushing my teeth with regular.
Cavities occur if any one of the parts or whole tooth is infected with bacteria and teeth become damaged when the combination of continuing it ever triggers a hole in a tooth
Perforated teeth need to be patched immediately, before spreading to other parts of the teeth. You as a parent can check the child’s teeth regularly. In addition, bring the child to the dentist since the age they were one year old. Thus, the dentist will be more versed in helping you reduce your risk of cavities in children issues
B. Dental Porous.
Children like to drink from the dot? Be careful, because these habits if done too often able to make teeth be porous. Because the affected teeth will keep sugar from drinks such as milk, juice, or else that tastes sweet.
If left well enough alone, the child will make porous his pain because it is difficult to chew. In addition, the milk teeth quickly damaged also affect the growth of their teeth when mature. To prevent it, the trick is quite simple, do not often let children drink in the dot when sleeping. Then, always clean the mouth every time they eat and drink.
C. Drug Drugs Cause dental caries.
For some children who suffered from certain diseases, drugs they consume also serves the cause of dental caries. Because the drugs inside turns out to contain a fairly high sugar levels.
One way to prevent dental caries due to drugs is to choose the type of sirop who use xylitol as artificial sweeteners. Because these sweeteners are not too stoked on dental caries as sugar in General.
D. Dental Injuries.
Injury to the teeth also often occur in children. The cause among others was due to a fall, sports, until the crash
Dental injuries that could be handled quickly are most likely able to save the tooth. But if the tooth date, children can have trouble teeth growth during the next few years.
If the child suffered injuries to the teeth, calm them. Clean the blood flowing, then avoid touching the roots of the teeth. Clean carefully but do not get rubbed it. After that immediately to the nearest dentist for further handling
E. Teeth Prematurely.
Premature teeth usually caused by the presence of holes, injuries, or the narrowness of the jaw on the baby. If primary teeth remove adult teeth emerge, before the teeth around it will probably shift. So when the adult teeth eventually appears, its growth is not perfect, for example, crooked or skewed. Of course it raises new problems such as difficulty chewing or joint pain in the jaw.
If a tooth dislodged prematurely, the dentist was the right person to directly asked for help. They will probably recommend special plastic or metal device to let the empty spaces on the teeth that have been dislodged so that the adult teeth have a place when it grows
Normally new parents panic when the little one hasn’t revealed the signs could talk or see the growth of teeth in their mouth.
Dentition in children began to grow at the age of about six to eight months. Such growth would be perfect until the age of around 2.5 to three years
Baby Teeth baby teeth growth appears on the age varies between babies. There are baby teeth have already appeared at an early age and there is also a baby tooth growth later. Although different, the growth of the baby teeth generally took place at almost the same age.
Following are the stages of growth of teeth when a baby
5 months of age
Most babies start teething at this age. However, some babies may begin to grow teeth in the early age, i.e. 4 months, or a few also have a slower growth of teeth, at the age of 6 or 7 months. At the moment, the new baby’s teeth begin to appear, your baby’s gums will probably swell and redness
The age of 6 months.
At the age of 6 months or about 5-7 months, baby first teeth have started to appear. The first teeth usually appear there are two front incisors in the lower jaw. Both these teeth can appear together. At a time when baby teeth have already appeared, you could have baby teeth cleaning by means of wipe it with a clean cloth after the baby suckle
Age 7 months.
Next at the age of 7 months, the front two incisors in the upper jaw appear. Most of the babies may experience growth of teeth around the age of 6-8 this month. At this age the baby can also be fed solid food.
There are myriad causes of fever that occurs in infants, ranging from a mild infection to serious. It is important for the parents to know what disease the son of fever is being sustained. The following 10 causes of fever in infants common characteristics, and how to resolve it:
1. Respiratory tract infections.
respiratory tract infections Diseases usually caused by viruses, bacteria or other organisms. Respiratory tract infections can spread through the air or touch. We could have contracted the infection when inhaling air containing mucus from people who suffer from sneezing or coughing.
Transmission of respiratory tract infections often occur in public places such as schools, daycare, work environment. Therefore it is important to keep clean in places.
Common symptoms of respiratory tract infection is coughing. But the symptoms that may arise thereafter is nasal congestion, nasal slimy, sneezing, coughing, sore throat, muscle aches to fevers. In infants and children the symptoms above can cause them no appetite, and it was difficult to sleep
For treating respiratory tract infections can do it yourself at home by taking medications such as pain reliever paracetamol. In addition the sufferer is highly recommended for a lot of rest and drink lots of plain water. The treatment is carried out at the time of the early symptoms of infection appears like a fever, nasal congestion, coughing and sneezing. In General, respiratory tract infections will heal within one to two weeks
Everyone definitely hit a Fever in children. Researchers from the Roswell Park Cancer Institute found that a high body temperature can help the immune system work better and harder against the infected cells.
Body temperature indicates the ability of the child regulates the heat. The heat caused by the activity and metabolic processes. Heat setting is governed by the part of the brain called the hypothalamus
How fever in children occur?
“The fever is not comfortable, but this research report suggests that fever is part of an effective immune response,” John Wherry, Ph.d., deputy editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology containing this research.
Previously, researchers had thought that body is an attempt to inhibit the harmful microbes to breed. The study also shows that the immune system increases its functionality for a while when the body temperature is rising when Fever in children
The secret is in immune cells or lymphocytes called CD8 + cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte cell. is able to destroy virus-infected cells and tumor cells. The researchers found that the body temperature is high as in fever increases the number of cytotoxic CD8 + T-cells, indicating a stronger body’s response to infection.